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Boston Boom at i :

By Frederick Wf. Guidry - ~~ - Staff Writer of The Christian’Science Monitor

Forecasts that 1956 wil! be one of the best years ever for Greater Boston business are be-

ing coupled with observations that things could be even better, i ews The “ifs” suggested by promi- nent business leaders as possible barriers to maximum prosperity are mostly in the fields of tran- portation, housing, salesman- ship, and taxation.

Both are glowing forecasts and the words of warning were sounded in connection with the first annual business forecast seminar.. sponsored by the Greater Boston Chamber of Commerce.

Summing up # panel's con- si opinions, Dr. Alfred -C. Neal, a ‘vice-president of the Federal Reserve Bank of Bos- ton. noted that “there is no dis- sent from the view that the level of business in the months ahead promises to be good.”

But is business in Boston ond the surrounding communities as good as it should be?

Boston’s Needs Outlined

Dr, Neal said there is siderable feeling” among panel- ists of the serhihar that “while business good and promises to continue to be good in Boston, it might be better....

“Boston needs to better de- velop its port business and to work out its rail transportation problems, particularly as they apply to the Metropolitan Tran- sit Authority and commuter service.

“Boston needs to attract more tourist business and to increase the facilities available here for tourists, particularly by build- ing an adequate convention hall.

“Boston ‘néeds new cormprier- cial, industrial, and housing construction. Boston needs more industrial employment... .

“Perhaps the key to meeting most of these needs,” Dr. Neal continued. “lies in Boston's fiscal problems. Boston needs less municipal expense and a new source of tax income.”


has been

Participants Listed

Participants in the seminar included: Ernest Henderson, president of the Sheraton Cor- poration of America; William D. Ireland, president of the Second Bank-State Street Trust Com- pany; Edward R. Mitton, presi- dentof Jordan Marsh Company; Thomas H. Carens, vice-presi- dent of Company; Joseph Kaplan, president of the Colonial Tanning Company: Gerald W. Blakeley Jr.. vice- president of Cabot; Cabot & Forbes: and Loyd J. Kiernan,

Farm Polit

Washington This administration is not pro- posing anything in the nature of the killing of little pigs, but in

ithe “soil bank” idea it is advo-

cating that farmers be paid for not producing

It i§f proposing to spend an estimated $ over a 10-year period to encourage farmers to stop producing s0 much wheat, cotton, and corn

There is no doubt that the idea is completely abhorrent to Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Taft Benson. But it is equally obvious that he has little choice in the matter. His opponents may not have succeeded in freezing him out of the Presi- dent’s Cabinet, but they have enforced the “politics first” pol- icy as far as the farm program is concerned.

What is proposed fn the soil bank is the retirement of land from production the govern- ment paying the farmer to take s0 many acres out of the surplus crops.


executive vice-president of the Boston & Maine Railroad.

Donald J. Hurley president, said that t was factual evidence that | Greater Boston is looking for- | ward to “a sound, prosperous year of growth in 1956.”

Several of the panelists limited théir boom forecasts to the first half of 1956, without expressly casting doubts on what might be expected to happen toward the end of the year.

Big Railroad Year

Mr. Kiernan said the rail- roads have just finished a good | year from the standpoint of | traffic volume, though it was not | quite up to 1953. He said traffic and revenues in the cur- | rent quarter are rurming ahead | of the same periods in 1953 and | 1954

: “This encourages us to ex: | pect continued favorable results | in 1956,” he said.

Electric utilities in Greater | Boston will spend about 40 mil-| lion dollars in 1956 in expanding | their generating, transmission, | distribution, and supply serv-| ices, Mr. Carens said. This is| the largest capital program for | the electrical industry in any one year, he added. )

He said plans now on the drawing boards call for total expenditures by the area’s elec- | tric utilities of some 200 million dollars by 1960. )

Mr. Mitton, projecting the re- tailing business into the first six | months of 1956, foresaw “a/| period of good business and | good job opportunities.” How-/| ever, he said several notes of | caution should be sounded.

New Auditorium Urged The year 1956 “should prove another: good year” for the shoe’ and leather business, Mr. Kap- lan said. “This will certainly beetrue for the first six months, | based on firm orders already booked.” He said

production of foot- | wear “will at least equal and may even be slightly greater | than all-time peak figures.”

Mr. Blakeley said pressure is mounting for new industrial | facilities and for office and com- mercial construction in Greater Boston. “The barrier to satisfy- ing this demand is well-known and has been talked about with great awe, but it is a man-made situation and as such can be! changed.

“We must—and we have no | choice—completely revamp our | present state tax structure, in- cluding methods of distribution of collected revenue, and find a new source of revenue,” he said.



Top administration officials


Informants said the big new

program, partly in answer te the Seviet Union's tougher anti- policies, would We divided

drafting a stepped-up foreign aid request te Congress of nearty $5,000,000,000 jaant ceasion

Sees “Ss Rillion Foreign Aid Looms

By the Associated Press

Washington Economic Aid: Some $1,900,000,000, about

are reported

for next year,

Congress approved present fiscal year which began last July 1.

than this year’s appropria-

Gordon N. Converse, Staff Photographer

Christmas Splendor Overspreads Needham Center Maple Tree

By Josephine Ripley

ics. Hedges Benson and ‘Soil Bank’ Plan.

Staff’ Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor

Some of the money Will go toward the cost of conversion, Some of it will go in cash pay- ments thus helping to boost farm income. The Farm Bureau federation has proposed that payment might be cut-rate grain from the government. In other words, the government would sell back to the farmer at a low price the grain it has purchased from him at the support price. Thus, it would pay him tWice for the commodity. :

No one really knows at this moment how much it will cost the American taxpayer to foot such a bill. Estimates say it might cost $500,000,000 for the first 18 months, and then on into the billions as time goés on— depending on the length of the program.

But as in the case of price support, once such a program has been initiated and cash be- gins flowing to the farmer, it is


hard to take it away—particu- larly for politicians,

Not that the idea in itself is impractical, It obvious that farmers are putting into produc- tion land that should be turned to conservation. at least for a time.


But paying the farmer to do what he should will be hard to explain voters. Yet in any farm emer- gency. the economic welfare of the’ whole country is involved, so essential is food production to the nation and so closely linked is farm prosperity to all prosperity.

The American Federation,


. tte, i.) city

Farm Bureau representing more

than 1,500,000 farmers in its membership, and one of the most conservative of the three organizations, has just voted for the soil bank plan.

In fact, it has been proposing just such a plan for a number of vears



doubt that the tion has been forced to adopt it because of election- year uncertainties due in large measure to the continued slump in farm income. It will stick to its guns on the practicability of flexible price supports, however, as compared to the Democratic- proposed return to a rigid 90 per cent level. |

The government algeady has

is no


The current transformation | in the political line-up of Middle n countries is being fol- |\lowed oy the Israelis with grow- ling apprehension.

| Three recent developments in ithis area—all of them strength- | ening Israel's feeling of isolation —are subjects of close concern here. They are:

1. The unexpected growth of the Baghdad pact in the wake of powerful Czechoslovak arms aid to Egypt. Started originally as a bilateral military arrangement between Turkey and Iraq, this alliance has developed -imto a fivé-power bloc extending to Iran, Pakistan, and Britain. |.’ 2. This week’s change of i\government, in the Hashemite |Kingdom of Jordan, encourag- i\ing elements in favor of that |country’s adhesion to the Bagh- \dad pact.

The dismissal of the Arab Le- gion’s pro-Egyptian deputy com- mander, Maj.-Gen. Ahmed Sidki el Jundi, was followed by the resignation of Premier Said el Mufti and the dropping of four Palestinian Arab ministers ggg Jordan’s participation in the Baghdad treaty,

The way has thus been cleared for the new Premier, Haza el Majali, to yield to British advice and try to make Jordan the sixth member of the Baghdad

| Eastern

‘| alliance.

Asswan Project Decried 3. The United States Govern- ment’s apparent willingness to help Egypt build the Asswan Dam—an economic project of unprecedented scale in this area. The Israelis believe that unless this is made conditional on real


more than $7,.000,000,000 tied up in price-support operations—not all money down the drain, to be sure, since,some of these com- modities will be resold. losses in the conduct of the program run higher and higher.

Yet despite tiis tremendous output to keep farm prices and

farm income up, they are still |

on the skids. Republican poli- ticilans are clamoring for a s0- lution.

The soil-bank plan is seen as a quick way of pulling land out of production and giving farm- ers a hunk of cash to bolster in- come at the same time. It is considered a relatively short- term operation, they theory be- ing that as production is cut back surpluses will be liqui-

Israel Sees Mideast. Web

By Francis Ofner

peace with Israel, this project will complement rather than counteract the substantial arms shipments which Egypt is con- tinuing to receive from the So- viet bloc.

Although trend of events States would seem to mark a strengthening of the West's standing in the area, the Israelis insist that their country is the sole party harmed by it. The So- viet Union's position, they stress, remains unaffected.

Officials here emphasize that the purpose to be served by aid to Arab countries should be judged not by Wash- ington and London spokesmen but by statements of Arab lead- ers, who repeatedly have gone on record as intending to wipe israel off the map.

of it the the Arab

face in


Background Stressed

It is against this wider back- ground that the Israelis defend the recent local action against Syrian gun positions which they say had been harrassing Israeli fishermen on the Sea of Galilee. Although partly critical of the heavy scale of the Dec. 12 raid, public opinion here largely sup- ports Premier David Ben Gu- rion’s policy of returning with a heavy hand and blows hurled at Israel from across its frontiers.

The problem of border rela- tions with Syria goes far be- yond clashes over fishing boats. In the past, Syria repeatedly has challenged Israeli sovereignty over a narrow strip east of the

of the Jor- dan River above it —* a strip

ber 17, 1955

dated. \ \_ \ .

Special Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor

which until 1948 formed part of the Palesiine mandate. A bitter politica] conflict, rag-

ing Since 1953 over Israel's right |

to draw on Jordan River waters for its power and irrigation projects, has also contributed to

the strain on relations between

the two countries.

Prisoner Swap Sought Apart from reports of fre- quent shooting at Ysraeli border

farmers, other landmarks along |

this troubled road include the arrest of five Israeli soldiers on Syrian territory. One of these, the Israelis say, committed sui-

cide after torture. The rest have |

been held in Damascus .more than a year despite a United

Nations ruling calling for their


In am attempt to effect re- |

lease of these men, five Syrian soldiers were recently abducted from their border positions by an Israeliunit, and these have since been joiried*~ by another 30 Syrians captured in the raid of Dec, 12. Negotiations for ex- change of prisoners now have started through the United Na- tions truce supervision organ- ization. ,

While armed action around Sea of Galilee has for the mo- ment pinpointed attention to the long-standing conflict with Syria in the north, it is from the Egyptian border and the Baghdad pact developments that the Israelis say they expect the main t.

Syria asks sanctions against Israel: Page 5.



Asia UN U.S..Grip Seen

Ek ee ee


» By William R. Frye

United Nations Correspondent of The Christian Science

(Grows; eriled _

Monitor United Nations, N.Y.

An important increase in Asian influence and other fundamental changes: in the United Nations are expected to result from the increase in UN membership from 60 to 76 coun-

These changes will not become fully apparent until the- UN General Assembly recon-

venes for its llth session next year.

e current Assembly is in its final stages.

The world organization, however, failed to adjourn as scheduled late Bec, 16. It became bogged down in an unprecedented effort to settle a key election—the one to the Security Council—by drawing lots. Delegates rejected this*desperation solution to a three-month deadlock and recessed to try again by more normal means Dec. 18.

Rightly or wrongly, the United States is blamed by many for this

deadlock. The United

States has sought to elect the Philippines to a Council seat which others feel belongs right-

fully to Europe. Neither side has been able

to muster

—_ ee

Soviets Ride ‘Fide

That Buffets U.S.

By Joseph C, Harsch Special Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor


This week, more clearly than before, one could see the rip tide of old and new movements 'in the world. |. And so far, Moscow's di- | plomacy appeared to be steer- ‘ing more expertly than Wash- ington’s through the troubled | waters.

One tide carried 16 new members into the United Na- tions. Of these, four were 5So- viet satellites, Jour were far West in the world political spectrum, and the other eight | occupy varying points of middle | position. | Clearly, the overwhelming majority of countries in the world Wélcomed this “package | deal.” which presumes the po- | tential coexistence of all kinds of countries in the world: | which recognizes no moral dis- i tinction between Albania and | Spain, or Romania and Italy: 'which assumes that the shape of the world is more or less fixed in its present patterns; |and which expects, and very soon, to bring Communist China also into the family of nations.

Nationalist China Resists

The tide also carried the un- ‘compromising figure. of Na- | tionalist China, denouncing all | that was happening, doing its | utmost to prevent it from hap- | pening, demanding, in effect, ithe nations continue active re- sistance to the Communist di- plomacy.

Moscow was riding the tide. | It manipulated the “package deal” in the UN.

It played the host, expertly if | hypocritically, to Spain and the ‘Irish Republic, Portugal and Italy. cn | States struct wanted. . ,

Its two much-traveled top leaders, Premier Nikolai A. Bulganin and Nikita S. Khrush- chév, First Secretary of the So- viet Communist Party, headed triumphantly for home from South Asia. They had a joint Indian-Soviet communiqué in their pocket which made it sound as though Moscow, not the West, was the true friend of India.

Washington was not riding any tide. It was not willing to ride with Nationalist China. Nor was it willing to cut loose and ride the tide in competition with Moscow.

U.S. Zigs and Zags

It had “zigged and zagged” (to borrow a phrase from United | States Secretary of State John |Foster Dulles and a different context) through the UN debate until the New York Herald Tribune wrote editorially that “the United States has been out- maneuvered, outplayed, and left in a most unhappy position.”

At the end, Japan, the country Washington most wantéd to get into the UN, was left outside, and many of its citizens fairly or unfairly were blaming Wash- ington, not Moscow, for the Moscow veto which had kept it out.

Others felt the Times, of London, | pro-American, said:

“There is no denying that Japan would be a member of the United Nations today had

maneuvered the into appearing what the

United to ob- majority

same. The sedate and

Washington been able to control its most fractious ally.”

The Manchester Guardian added:

“The United States has suf- fered an unmitigated diplomatic defeat in its unwavering support of Chiang Kai-shek.”

Status Quo Supported

Behind it all lies the follow- ing:

l. For better or for worse, wisely or unwisely, there exists in the world today a profound desire to see the existing shape of the world accepted.

2. Not all countries which feel this desire are satisfied with the way things are, but they prefer to accept the world

Pattern Of Diplomacy

as it is rather than experience the strains and danger and costs of further efforts to change them. They prefer the status quo to a resumption of the “cold war.”

3. Moscow enormous

the this

recognizes ularity of

point of view"and has associated |

its diplomacy with it. The pose may be false, and massively ’*de- ceitful, but it is also popular.

4. Nationalist China’s inter- ests are bound up with a re- sumption of the “cold war,” not with an acceptance of the status quo,

5. The United States cannot join the popular side without either cutting loose from Na- tionalist China or inducing “its most fractious ally” to accept

“the trend of the times and be quiet.

6.. Washington has not yet been able to choose between the popular side in the world and Nationalist China.

Indecision Criticized It was the indecision of Wash- ington which paved the way for

week and gave to Moscow the opportunity to pose as leader of the popular cause.

* Events were rapidly forcing Washington toward @ decision which Mr. Dulles had profound- ly hoped would lie dormant until after the 1956 elections. The UN had agreed last year to a moratorium on the question of admission of Communist China until the fall of 1956.

The moratorium was jeopar- dized by the final willingness of Nationalist China to block the “package deal,” and even more by the inability of Washington to keep Nationalist China from trying to thwart the will of the UN majority.

The inclination was growing in the UN to be done with the business, to put Nationalist China off the Security Council, and to bring Communist China into membership.

This is what the UN majority believes must be done before the acceptance of the status quo is complete. All those who. want the want Communist. China accept- ed as a recognized and partici-

pating member of the family of |

nations. This includes the closest and most loyal friends United States has in the world —Canada and Britain.

Should the United States ac- |

cept, or resist, the tide? This week it was not doing either.

The World’s Day

Americas: Argentine Police Report Plot Foiled

Police said today they had foiled

'Washington: Aid Offer on Nilé Dam Expected

a conspiracy against the govern-

ment of Gen. Pedro Aramburu with the arrest of 500 alleged plotters. The arrests were made on a ceuntry estate near La Plata, capital of Buenos Aires Province, the police said.

The State Department was expected to announce today a joint

» American-British pro River dam which the U.S.S.R.

Europe: Ex-Chief of

for his part in the murder of

deducted from his sentence.


al to help Egypt finance the Nile

has offered to help build.

Nazi Camp Sentenced

Former Nazi concentration camp commander Paul Werner Hoppe was sentenced to five years and three months at hard labor

several hundred camp inmates,

mostly European Jews. Time spent in pretrial detention will be

Asia: Peking Says Guns Bag 2 Nationalist Planes

Peking Radio claimed that Communist antiaircraft fire brought down two National Chinese planes

north of Matsu Island yes-

Wantnan redebetones: ©:

artly Cloudy Sanday (Pg. 2)

Art, Music, Theater: Pages 6, 7, Radio, TV, FM: Page 15

status quo accepted now |

the |

the necessary two-thirds majority, and neither side

has been willing to give in, ‘No fewer then 35 ballots have been cast. .

The note on which the As- sembly is closing is in some ways typical) of the. session. There has beep a distinct trend this year away from American leadership.

To call the session a “revolt” against the United States would be overdramatizing what hap- | pened; but on nearly every ma- ‘jor issue the desires of the American delegation have car- ried less weight, and have had to be modified more drastically than before.

There are many indications that this trend will continue and |\intensify in 1956 in the new | 76-nation Assembly. The 1956 |Assembly may well begin the eclipse of both Europe and North America and the rise of Asia, Africa, and the Middle East—perhaps allied with part or all of Latin America—in & ,;movement of underdeveloped ‘peoples determined to establish their place in the sun,

Firm Leadership Vital

Those who believe they see the first. signs..of such a movee | ment are convificed that the United States can regain its ‘position of preeminence in the UN only by coming forward more clearly and consistently as a practical champion of the poverty-ridden, assistance-hun- gry, anticolonial nations.

Such a step seems highly ane likely in view of the need to preserve the United States’ alli+- ances with ‘colony-owning pow- (ers and the reluctance of the

|_American Congress to vote any increase in economic aid, least of all any increase in economic aid through the UN,

A second major trend in the UN, given impetus by the ad- mission of new countries leads toward universality away from selectivity.

Focus on China Issue ».. The.“package deal” by which the 16 were admitted was, in ef- fect, a repeal of Aritcle 4 of the Charter, the article which has been the basis of the selectivity idea. This Charter passage pro<- vides that UN members must be “peace-loving.” : Technically, this fact has no

: relevance to Chinese representas the Soviet coup in the UN this|

tion. But in practice, it is likely to increase sentiment for a “realistic” settlement of that ' problem also. If the UN is to be _universal—that is, if it is to re- flect the world as it is—main- land China would have to be seated.

Mainland’ China, governing Africa, many, Korea, Vietnam, and Switzerland are virtually the only political entities of signifi- cance not directly represented in the UN. Together, however, they comprise nearly 40 per cent of the world’s population. Switze \erland does not wish repre- sentation,

New Voting Blocs Loom One of the principal] tasks of the new Assembly will be to exe pand the Security Council from its present 11 members to 13 or 15. The number 11 was se- lected on the basis of a 55- nation UN. Of the additional Ceuncil.members, and probably two are expected to be from Asia. Indeed, India would like a permanent seat. Of the 16 countries admitted Dec. 14, four are Communist | satellites. The Soviet bloc thus | becomes nine in number. Alone, | this bloc is of no particular sig-

non-selfe- Japan, Ger-

| nificance in a 76-nation Ass®m- bly.

The Arab-Asian bloc, howe ever, which now numbers 23, would control more than one- third of the votes if joined by the Soviet bloc. Important de-

cisions must be taken by-two- thirds majorities.

The temptation for the Arab- Asians to seek the cooperation of Moscow—which could be had (for the asking—would be great, and might be irresistible if the 'apparent trend toward estrange- ment from the United States continues. Indeed, Moscow’s co- operation may be thrust upon the Arab-Asians, |

Test of U.S. Methods The United States, together ‘with 20 Latin-American re- | publics, previously controlled one-third of the Assembly. In order to continue this control, it will be necessary to hold the loyalty of all members of this

bloc and find five more a task


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Soviets and the satellite nations

head-on, winning hands down,”

in the opinion of Roy F. Wil-

, director of the Office of

frfternational Trade Fairs of the

~~ --tnited-States~ Department. of Commerce. ,

However, in one instance in the fair at New Dethi, India— the Soviets eclipsed the United States in the design, architec- ture, lighting, and showmanship they displayed—“Ddut never in the quality or variety of their goods. We outdid the Soviet and the nations in its orbit by 14 to 1

in crowd participation.” Mr.

sociated Industries of Massachu-

the effectiveness of the Ameri- |

can International Trade Fair Program. ur exhibits, which featured

live television programs, with some in color. and with acti- vated held the interest of the millions of people who visited them for much lenger periods than the exhPbits shown in other national pavilions,” Mr. Williams said. ‘Atoms for Peace’ Williams’ two-month visit international fairs took Italy, Egypt, Ethiopia,

India, Thailand, Cam- bodia, Japan,. and to the first fair in which the United States participated in Colombia.

“In Addis Ababa, interest in the American exhibit the trade fair was so intense that on several occasions it was necessary to ask the police to clear the place—a far different experience from many exhibits where it is frequently a prob- lem to stir up interest,” Williams said

Among the more popular in- dustrial items displayed by the Americans were the “atoms for peace”

Mr. at the him to Pakistan,


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ohn Ne Peace


from Duluth, Minn., the

the Soviets and satellite nations,

ihe said.

Ranch House Shown

Williams, who is also ex- | ecutive vice-president of the As- |

apd..animated displays, |

Mr. |

/United States, | hand,

éxhibits, the aviation and |

showed great interest, too,

Exhibits ....

free in some of the warmer countries, were a pleasant at-

| |

Women visitors to the fairs | in |

American styles shown by a setts, has just returned from a/“Maid of Cotton” model spon- |

27,000-mile global tour, the Ob-| .oreq by the Cotton Council of jective of which was to gauge | america.

It was found that the Amer- |

ican home—a typical ranch-

i; «

house type of dwelling in the | $12,000 to $15,000 class—drew |

greater attention than some of the more elaborate, yet utterly

nontypical, hornes shown by the ;

Soviets. “At one place, we had 70,000 loaves of bread, baked outside

the fair; distributed to the vis- |

,itors who quickly noticed the

white Mr.

higher quality of our wheat—it was a sensation,” Williams said, adding:

“The Russians, had nothing either new or un- usual. They showed many over- sized machine tools, conveyor belts which made little impres- sion, and mockups of agricul- tural machinery, which while impressive by their size, were obviously not intended for ac- tual use. Such displays failed to attract any great attention.”

“On the whole,” he said, “the > Russians, extending their prop- aganda arm, showed things | which emphasized the false prosperity of the country. The on triés to be typical, and takes care not to overstress its luxuries.

"True American Story’

by contrast, |

the other Pp

i. young 4-H “American Dairy | Miss Ruth Peterson ice. cream proved more popular | than any of the silks, shoes, and wines and liquors shown by |

involving offenses committed by one American against another and those arising out of acts


Denying reports of widespread injustices, Mr. Sprague said one of the concerns of United States commanders in foreign countries has been that “the sentences tmposed abroad in some cases have been too light.”

Mr. Sprague addressed the graduating class the N





release through a habeas corpus action in civil court. | Three turncoat prisoners of war who first

stay with the Reds, had been given dishonor- able discharges.

Mr. Sprague said a recent decision in Dist- trict of Columbia District Court is more seri- ous than the one on ex-servicemen. The Wash- ington court held unconstitutional a provision of the Uniform Code of Military Justice giving military courts jurisdiction over dependents of servicemen overseas.

Mr. Sprague said if this ruling is upheld it will thdermine the historical authority of the military over civilian employees accompany- ing military forces abroad. He said the De- fense Department “will make every effort” to get the decision overturned.

Savings on

: a te

Bond Issue

Flood Fund Held Adequate

By Edgar M. Mills New England Political Corr-soondent of The Christian Science Monitor

Prospects are good that Mas- sachusetts will not have to spend all that $55,000,000 voted to finance flood damage repairs and local tax aid necessitated by 1955 floods.

A highly respected state fiscal xpert disclosed this situation after a study of costs already | incurred under the bond-issue

'program and those anticipated.

' :

How extensive the savings

“Our object was to catch the | Will be cannot be accurately de-

rt merican story.

“People would stand in long queues, waiting for hours, to see some of our exhibits. And then thhey would come around -— mn and again. They seemed

show the most interest in exhibits which were either ani- mated or lighted in such a way

¥ as to express action.”

One great lesson that was learned, he said, was the ap- pointment of young men and women in India, dressed in red, oo and blue to serve as guides Speaking the language of the people, they were able to | fen onstrate things where some

the other nations failed be- cause it was not possible to ex-

in the displays in the native comand


Christmas Tree

Set for Hub Birds

it’s. tree-trimming the birds again. On Wednesday, Dec. 21, Camp

=p for nose of determining how best

$3,000,000 will not have


Fire Girls and members of the |

Massachusetts Audubon So- ciety’s teaching staff will trim 4 tree in Boston Common for birds stopping over for.the holi- days.

The birds’ Christmas tree will | | be hung with strings of popcorn and cranberries. Pine cones and | orange halves will be filled with peanut butter and suet.

The public is invited to attend the ceremonies at 3 p.m. near the large lighted tree located at the corner of Boylston and Tre-

mont Streets.

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992 w




46 + or 4 ite fe te ) ft eeiee S iinet ft YS pa

illions..and. tel). them. the. true | termined

| Means said | does not mean the state’s bonds

' was sold in the open market, he | said, is evidence of the extreme-

as yet. However, this same expert. points out that of the $12,000,000 bend thorized to finance 1954 hurri- | cane damage repairs, at least | to be issued. If the same percentage were to hold on the $55,000,000 bond issues authorized for flood damage repairs, about $14,000,-

to be issued. The interest sav- ings alone to the commonwealth | would be substantia!

With the direct state debt | now at a record $532.686.045 level and $333.205.377 bonds authorized but not issued. the condition of state debt and its pact on future finances of the state is under close scrutiny at levels.

Situation Examined

Governor Herter’s unofficial debt management committee, composed of experts outside the government, is deep in a study of the whole debt for the pur-


to handle it.

House Ways and Means Com- mittee experts are examining the situation minutely in prep-

aration for the 1956 legisiative

S@€8310Nn. Annual cost of debt amortiza- tion is mounting spectacularly

TY he Text fiscal” year, starting” i July 1,

1956. General fund debt retirement costs, those financed by general taxes, will be up $6,- 600,000 to a total of more than $26,000,000,

Highway fund debt amortiza- tion will skyrocket $9,000,000 in the same period, to near!) $28.000.,000. However, this cost is covered by earmarked gaso- line taxes

Highway fund bonds, issued and authorized but unissued, account for $512,326,422 out of the over-all $856,891,422 total.

For the next fiscal year debt

to $54,000,000, a record high But the annual costs are due to go substantially higher until they level off avout 1960, under the present program.

Bond Rating Drops

Size of the state debt has al- ready resulted in the state's loss of its Triple A rating on its bonds, It has dropped to Double A, with only nine states still in the Triple A class

However, a staff expert on the House Committee on Ways and loss of the rating

are not excellent. The speed